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Сочинение: Ecology

                                                        Ecology
We live on a very beautiful planet – on the Earth. Our planet has very rich
resources: the bright blue of the sky, fresh, crystal-clear mountain lake
water, the rich green of the mountains slopes, wild flower, picturesque views
– all these sceneries of nature fill us with admiration.
That’s why those who live in cities prefer spending their days off and their
holidays far from the noise of the city, to be closer to nature. Perhaps they
like to breathe fresh air or to swim in clear water because the ecology is
not so poor as in the cities.
Ecology is the study of the ways in which organisms (plants and animals)
depend upon each other and upon their surroundings. Each organism requires
conditions in order to be able to live and breed. These conditions are its
environment by changing the ecological conditions.
So, pollution is one of the most burning problems of nowadays. Now millions
of chimneys, cars, buses, trucks all over the world exhaust fumes and harmful
substances into the atmosphere. These poisoned substances pollute everything:
air, land, water, birds and animals people. So, it is usually hard to breathe
in the large cities where there are lots plants. Everything there is covered
with soot and dirt. All these affect harmfully.
Water pollution is very serious, too. Ugly rivers of dirty water polluted
with factory waste, poisoned fish are all-round us. And polluted air and
poisoned water lead to the end of the civilization. So, nowadays a lot of
dead lands and lifeless areas have appeared. Because our actions and dealings
can turn the land to a desert.
So, we see that our environment offers an abundance of subject matter for
discussion. The problems and prospects of the blue planet interest not only
scientist and futurologists, but also politicians, industry, the public – and
above all, young people! There is hardly a young person who is not conserved
with the preservation of our natural habitat. To recognize environmental
problems and master them, to reduce and avoid environmental pollution, to
discover and develop ecologically sound technologies – there are the
essential building blocks for our future.
Whether scientist or politicians, bankers or student, whether Greek,
Norwegian, Hungarian or Finn . all are encouraged to make a contribution
towards protecting the environment. Dedication and the courage to change
one’s way of thinking are called for.
We are to stop pollution. So, we can grow plants and trees, to purify waste,
to start urgent campaigns in order to preserve environment For example, in
1989 in Australia, Sydney. In a year the same kind of action was held all
over Australia and it was called “Clean up Australia” the following years 110
countries hold the similar actions within the ecological program of the UNO.
Nowadays there are many different pressure and interests groups in British,
which try to find solutions to the problems of pollution at the national and
international level. So they are groups of people with a common interest in
trying to draw the public attention to environment problems, to influence the
government decisions.
Greenpeace is a very famous pressure group. It started functioning in 1971.
Its headquarters are at Amsterdam, but it operates in 25 countries worldwide.
The aim of Greenpeace is to protect wildlife of toxic wastes, nuclear tests.
“Friends of the Earth” (FoE) is one of the British pressure groups with an
international reputation. Its general aim is to conserve the planet’s
resources and reduce pollution. FoE was established in 1971 and now it
operated in 44 countries worldwide. It campaigns among other things, for
recycling and renewable energy, and the destruction of wildlife and habitat.
The main campaigning issues of the FoE are:
·        The protection of all animals and plants in danger of extinction.
·        An end to the destruction of wildlife and habitats.
·        A program of energy conservation measures, etc.
So, a number of campaigns resulted in:
·        The ban or other hunting in England and Wales
·        And indefinite delay in the construction of the Commercial East
Breeder Reactor, etc.
But not only great groups can influence the problem of pollution. So,
different people have their own opinions on this problem:
·        The continued pollution of the earth, if unchecked, well eventually
destroys the fitness of this planet as a place for human life. (B. Commoner).
·        The Earth has enough for every man’s need, but not for man’s greed.
(Ganlui).
And I agree with them because it is really so. And terrible examples prove them.
The Baltic Sea is a special case. Because it is such a small sea and it
becomes dirty very easily. Its waster changes slowly through the shallow
straits. As many as 250 rivers run into the Baltic. There are hundreds of
factories in these rivers and millions of people live along them. Quite a lot
of big cities lie on its coast. All these combined with the active navigation
of the sea naturally affects the state of the sea water and the shore line
flora and fauna. People suffer from the waster pollution; cancer deaths
increase people’s concern.
And there is no escape from this ecological crisis without organizing a
single body dealing with the environmental problems, developing and carrying
out a nationwide program of environmental protection and co-operating with
international schemes.
Population Fears.
Scientists now predict that by the year 2050 the population will be doubled
what is today. The fact remains that the rate of food production fell behind
population growth in many of developing countries. The annual fish catch
already exceeds what the world ‘s oceans can successfully sustain. If we go
on using our natural recourses at today’s rates, we will have used up the
intire reserves of cooper, natural gas and oil by the year 2054.
But the problem ahead lie not so much in what we use but in what we waste.
What faces us is not so much a recourse crisis as a pollution crisis. The
only solution is to try to change the areas of consumption, technology and
population. Changes in technology must be baked by slower population growth.
And it can be achieved by education in health and women’s rights. And there
is a little hope of reducing consumption over the next half century.