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Доклад: Beatles

                    The  Beatles                    
The English ROCK MUSIC group The Beatles gave the 1960s its characteristic
musical flavor and had a profound influence on the course of popular music,
equaled by few performers.  The guitarists John Winston Lennon, Oct.  9,
1940;  James Paul McCartney, June 18, 1942;  and George Harrison, Feb. 25,
1943;  and the drummer Ringo Starr, Richard Starkey, July 7, 1940, were all
born and raised in Liverpool.  Lennon and McCartney had played together in a
group called The Quarrymen.  With Harrison, they formed their own group, The
Silver Beatles, in 1959, and Starr joined them in 1962.  As The Beatles, they
developed a local following in Liverpool clubs, and their first recordings,
"Love Me Do" (1962) and "Please Please Me" (1963), quickly made them
Britain's top rock group. Their early music was influenced by the American
rock singers Chuck BERRY and Elvis PRESLEY, but they infused a hackneyed
musical form with freshness, vitality, and wit.
The release of "I Want to Hold Your Hand" in 1964 marked the beginning of the
phenomenon known as "Beatlemania" in the United States.  The Beatles' first
U.S. tour aroused a universal mob adulation.  Their concerts were scenes of
mass worship, and their records sold in the millions.  Their first film, the
innovative A Hard Day's Night (1964), was received enthusiastically by a wide
audience that included many who had never before listened to rock music.
Composing their own material (Lennon and McCartney were the major creative
forces), The Beatles established the precedent for other rock groups to play
their own music.  Experimenting with new musical forms, they produced an
extraordinary variety of songs:  the childishly simple "Yellow Submarine";
the bitter social commentary of "Eleanor Rigby";  parodies of earlier pop
styles;  new electronic sounds;  and compositions that were scored for
cellos, violins, trumpets, and sitars, as well as for conventional guitars
and drums.  Some enthusiasts cite the albums Rubber Soul (1965) and Revolver
(1966) as the apex of Beatle art, although Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Hearts
Club Band (1967), perhaps the first rock album designed thematically as a
single musical entity, is more generally considered their triumph.  The group
disbanded in 1970, after the release of their final album, Let It Be, to
pursue individual careers.  On Dec. 8, 1980, John Lennon was fatally shot in
New York City.  In 1991, Paul McCartney's classical composition Liverpool
Oratorio was performed to some acclaim in Britain and the United States.

Igor Popov gr.3.1