Доклад: Robert Burns
"ROBERT BURNS, the BARD of SCOTLAND"
(1739 - 1796)
His father W. Burns was a hardworking farmer. He knew the value of a good
education and he was determined to give his children the best schooling
There were 7 children in the family and Robert was the eldest. When he was 6
his father sent him to school to Alloway. His mother's friend Betty told him
many fantastic tales about devils, ghosts, fairies and witches.
At 13 he was out in the fields all day helping his father, and he studied
nature closely and following the plough, he whistled and sang. In his songs
he spoke of what he saw, of the woods, the fields, the valleys, of the deer,
of the hare and the small field mouse, of the farmer's poor cottage home.
Burns began to write poetry in his l6th. His first love song "Handsome Nell"
was dedicated to the girl who helped him in the harvest fields.
Life was hard for the family. His father died 1784. In 1788 Burns married
Jean Armour she is immortalized in many beautiful poems written by the poet,
such as " I LOVE MY JEAN ", " THY BONNIE FACE".
Robert and Jean continued meeting secretly and Robert gave Jean a paper
declaring them man and wife. When Jean's father learned about it, he tore the
paper up and forbade his daughter to see Robert. Jean obeyed and Robert being
offended by it, swore never to see her again.
One of the finest poems widely popular in Scotland "TAH O'SHANTER' was
written in 1790. 1793 saw the appearance of the "TREE OF LIBERTY" in which
R. Burns greeted the French Revolution but the poem was published only 40
years after Burn's death.
All of R. Burn's poetry shows him to be one of great masters of lyrical
verse, warm patriot of his native country. He had always stood for liberty,
equality, justice and honesty. His poetry is deeply democratic and full of
criticism directed against the landlords, the government officials.
Our reader finds pleasure in reading Burn's poems and songs in the wonderful
translation of Samuel Marshak.
Whenever we speak of Scotland, the name of Scotland's Bard R.Burns is always
there, as the ever-living, never-dying symbol of that country.