Реферат: British traditional holidays
«British traditional holidays»
Great Britain is famous for its old traditions. Some of them existed in
ancient times and survived through centuries. Some of them appeared when
Christianity came to British isles. Speaking about religious holidays one
can’t but mention Easter, Pancake Day and Mother’s Day. The dates of these
holidays aren’t strict, they depend on the date of Easter, that varies every
Pancake day is the popular name for the Shrove Tuesday, the day before the
first day of Lent. In the middle ages people on that day made merry and ate
pancakes. The ingredients of pancakes are all forbidden by Church during
Lent, that is why they have to be used the day before. The most common form
of celebrating this day in the old times was the all town ball game or tug-
of-war, in which everyone was tearing here and there, trying to get the ball
or rope into their part of the city. Today the only custom, that is observed
throughout Britain is pancake eating.
For the English people the best-known name for the fourth in Lent Sunday is
Mothering Sunday or Mother’s Day. For 3 centuries this day has been a day of
small family gatherings when absent sons and daughters return to their homes.
Gifts are made to mothers by children of all ages. Flowers and cakes are
still traditional gifts. Violets and primroses are most popular flowers.
Sometimes the whole family goes to church and then there is a special dinner
at which roast lamb, rice-pudding and home-made wines and served.
Easter is one of the most important holidays in Christianity. In England it’s
a time for giving and receiving presents, mostly Easter eggs. We can say that
the egg is the most popular emblem of Easter, but spring-time flowers are
also used to stress the nature’s awakening. Nowadays there are a lot of
chocolate Easter eggs, having some small gifts inside. But a real hard-boiled
egg, decorated and painted in bright colours , still appears on breakfast
tables on Ester Day, or it’s hidden in the house or garden for children to
finny. In egg that is boiled really hard will last for years. Egg-rolling is
a traditional Easter pastime. You roll the eggs down a clope until they are
cracked and broken, after they are eaten up.