Реферат: Leeds - city
The City of Leeds
Leeds is a prosperous, commercial, industrial and manufacturing city
, and is also the cultural and sporting centre for much of the region. In the
City Centre, modern offices have developed alongside fine old buildings like
the Town Hall and the Corn Exchange. Impressive new shopping precincts
complement traditional Victorian arcades, and have created a fine regional
shopping centre. Leeds is a 'green' city, proud of its parks
and open spaces, including Woodhouse Moor, close to the University and Roundhay
Park and the Temple Newsam estate near the City Centre.
Visitors to Leeds are impressed by the range of different leisure
facilities. There are lively audiences for all kinds of films, concerts and
plays. There is a thriving local music scene covering everything from soul and
reggae to jazz and folk. Leeds has a rich musical tradition. Each year
a full programme of symphony concerts and chamber music is arranged in the Town
Hall. The world famous Leeds International Pianoforte Competition is
held every three years.
The Grand Theatre is the home of Opera North. It also stages touring productions
of national and international ballet and theatre companies. The new West
Yorkshire Playhouse is the home of one of the leading provincial theatre
companies and has been called the 'National Theatre of the North'. Costing over
£12 million, the new Playhouse has some of the best facilities outside
London. Leeds City Art Gallery offers a wide variety of exhibitions and
also houses the new, internationally famous Henry Moore Centre for the Study of
If you are an active sportsperson you will find many sporting facilities both in
the University and the City. You will be able to use the Leeds
international swimming pool which is only ten minutes walk from the University,
and other heated pools which are located in various parts of the City.
There are many fine golf courses in the Leeds area and the City's
parks include more than 160 tennis courts as well as pitches for rugby, cricket,
soccer and hockey.
Shopaholics are in for a treat as the city boasts around 1,000 shops in
a unique mix of stylish pedestrianised high streets, state-of-the-art shopping
centres, Victorian arcades, historic buildings and yards and Edwardian markets.
Leeds city centre has almost 1,000 shops, 16 major hotels, 4 renowned
theatres, 90 restaurants and cafes and over 160 bars.
For the spectator, Headingley is the home of Yorkshire County Cricket Club and
Leeds Rugby League Club; Leeds United play at Elland Road.
Leeds lies in the heart of West Yorkshire. The City enjoys
excellent communications with the rest of the country. The M1 motorway provides
a direct road link with the Midlands, London and the South; the A1 provides
access to the North East and the Eastern Counties; and the M62 links the
City with Hull, Manchester, Liverpool and the North West. Manchester is
about 1 hour's drive, Liverpool about 11/2 hours, Newcastle about 2 hours,
Birmingham about 3 hours and London and Bristol about 4 hours.
Inter-city trains operate frequent through services to London,
Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff and Newcastle; other services provide regular
connections with the North West, the East Midlands, East Anglia and the South
West. Extensive coach services are available and Leeds/Bradford airport
provides connections to an increasing number of locations in the United Kingdom
and Western Europe.
Within easy reach of Leeds are many areas of outstanding natural beauty.
You will be able to explore the Yorkshire Dales and the Pennines, the North
York Moors and the Vale of York. Within half an hour of the City
Centre, you can be in some of the finest walking country in the world.
The region is also fortunate to possess many places of historical interest.
Kirkstall Abbey and Temple Newsam lie within the City boundaries while
Castle Howard, Nostell Priory and Harewood House are some of the stately homes
close to the City.