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Реферат: Биография Д.И. Менделеева

              Северо-Кавказский  Государственный Университет              
                       Филиал в городе Георгиевске                       
                              По английскому языку                              
                                                                   Брежнев Е. Ю.
                                                                   Катышева Л.И.
                                Г. Георгевск 2004                                
How many up to him{it} all variety of elements which have created the
surprising world around of the person and which make his{its} most essence
tried to result chemists in system...
How many people have staked for the sake of it the life. Many understood,
felt, that there should be such system - the law of the nature, aspired to
open it{him} is and it is vain. It{he} has constructed its{her} one -
periodic system of elements. System of elements of D.I.Mendeleyev.
It was the mighty person, because made him{it} under force only to the giant.
How it was possible to it{him}? Due to what? Due to the of improbable force
to talent, due to a fortress of spirit, due to confidence that business of
it{him} is necessary.
It{He} has appeared in Petersburg silently and imperceptibly, having overcome
on horses a long way from sleepy Tobolsk where it{he} was born, up to noisy,
talkative Moscow and  magnificent city on Neva. And how in unfamiliar big
city this blue-eyed young man who is not having neither notable relationship,
nor rich parents differently could appear? Father of it{him} was director of
the Tobolsk grammar school - a post not the god a message what profitable,
and small glass which basically and began to feed family after father, go
blind, has been compelled to leave teaching, too did not bring the big
income. And nevertheless, when it{he} , it was the big impact for Mendeleev.
After all fourteen souls of one children...
Mitia was younger and, similar, the most favourite. In the childhood it{he}
possessed not too a sound health, and in damp Petersburg air and at all to feel
began itself unimportantly. Sometimes he{it} a throat had blood, and doctors
believed, that at him{it} last degree of a consumption began. It{he} laid in
clinic of pedagogical institute where it{he} studied, when once during detour
the main doctor, thinking, that Mendeleyev has fallen asleep, has told to
director: <Well this will not rise any more...> And <this>, having
heard the verdict, sat on beds, has got writing-books and has there and then
plunged into records with lectures.
Institute friends have managed to arrange for Mendeleyev an audience at court
physician Zdekauera, and that, having heard it{him}, has delicately advised
to go on the south. To tell the truth, Zdecauer   has given still advice -
seem simply so, just in case Piragavim.
And in Crimea at this time there was a war, and Pies, having rolled up
sleeves, operated since early morning and till the late evening. For days -
tens amputations. Mendeleyev many times saw it{him} from apart, but all did
not dare to approach to it{him}. Pies was more necessary.
Mendeleyev also could not think, that a kind of Simferopol, city, in general,
enough removed from a front line, can make on him{it} such heavy impression.
Restaurants worked, no, hospitals was a little, and around of city tents with
a red cross have crowded. And everywhere ...
Mendeleyev here knew nobody. Pies seem inaccessible. And the graduate of the
capital institute who has arrived on consultation to find to itself put here,
certainly, could not. And it{he} writes to the brother in the letter: <the
South which so attracts you, this south, believe, it is good only in the north,
yes two - three months in one year, and that let it pass...>
But at last Mendeleyev before Проговым. The great doctor with unexpected
attentiveness examines so strange here the patient and... Grants to it{him} a
life! Mendeleyev has for ever remembered that has told to it{him} of Pies:
<Нате to you, , the letter of yours . Save up it{him}, yes sometime to
it{him} and return. And from me bow transfer. You will go through both of
The inspired Mendeleyev is born{carried}  to Odessa. With it{him} only that
on it{him}, yes is a little money, but all so is good, ahead has put -
tempting and interesting so much, now it is necessary to hasten, because time
lost in burdensome expectation, to not return any more.
To Odessa at Mendeleyev a direction. It{he} has received there a place of the
teacher of natural sciences, from him{it} there the small laboratory, the
first laboratory, and there and then, near at hand - excellent library.
Here, in southern seaside city, it{he} starts to search <for the reason of
chemical affinity> - of what thought already for a long time and to that
it{he} will devote all life.
Half-year in Odessa, and Mendeleyev again in Petersburg. It{he} has arrived
not with empty hands: work which it{he} has brought - the most thin and most
laborious research on specific volumes. It actually his{its} dissertation.
She{it} gives it{him} the first scientific degree of the master. The master
of physics and chemistry. To Mendeleyev it was executed then only twenty two
It was his{its} first big victory. But a victory, which pleasure has saddened
to mountain: favourite sister who has arrived together with it{him} from
Tobolsk has died. And now it{he} has remained in Petersburg one. Sometimes
it{him} pulls home - look on native places, to meet relatives, but this dream
even long decades will be dream. And only on a slope of years, already world
famous scientist, coming back from expedition{dispatch}, it{he} will make a
hook to see Tobolsk. It will be short returning, but full of disappointments.
And in October of the same year when it{he} became the master. Mendeleyev has
struck all friends: it{he} has protected the second dissertation. Of course -
a case ! Scientists have not without hesitation accepted Mendeleyev's second
work though it and was the serious contribution to chemistry . But too all
this was unusual...
And then young Mendeleyev on the post carriage which was rolled quickly with
the four of horses, goes in the first business trip - through Warsaw -
further, to the well-known Heidelberg, in laboratory of the patriarch  .
Mendeleyev trusted, that the days which have been lead{which have been
carried out} to laboratories of the Heidelberg university, near to the
glorified chemist, to it{him} will be useful, but it{he} was mistaken.
Bunzer, borrowed{occupied} with the experiences, has met the young Russian
colleague politely, but it is constrained. And in laboratory where to
Mendeleyev have allocated a place, there was all as it is impossible more
inconsistently: in narrowness students crowded, there was no utensils,
reactants. Mendeleyev has immediately understood, that here it{he} only will
waste time. With a kind of the deepest regret has told Bunzeru, that it{he}
is unhealthy, has thanked for so hospitable hospitality and has there and
then moved down from a university apartment. And soon again in a way. This
time - to Paris, to  Celerony - to that Caleroni, better which nobody could
do{make} chemical devices and tools. Most exact of all exact weights because
others did not suit his{its} work were necessary for Mendeleyev.
It{He} has returned to Heidelberg where has removed{has taken off} tiny
under laboratory and where it{he} was waited already with the concerned
letter of the trustee of the Petersburg educational district - it is visible,
messages on trick with  have reached.
Mendeleyev has answered: <the Main subject of my employmentis physical chemistry>.
It did not hasten home - and not because did not wish to see the city,
already for a long time becoming to it{him} native. It{he} did not hasten
because in Heidelberg to it{him} was well worked, it{he} felt like free,
independent. And consequently still, that here it{he} has found new friends.
Ivan Setchenov, Alexander Borodin, Dmitry Mendeleyev - they were then are young,
their names did not sound yet so loudly, but each of them was already known for
the works. All three excitedly were engaged in chemistry. Mendeleyev tried to
comprehend essence of the phenomena occuring at a level considerably more thin,
rather than molecular, and has opened temperature of absolute boiling.
Setchenov has penetrated into chemistry of gas exchange in living tissues, and
the author of <Prince Igor> with ecstasy pottered with test tubes and
flasks and by then was the author of several large printed works in chemistry.
To Troy great Russian. Small <mighty >. They worked not  hands, and in the
evenings converged for is expected, shared everything, that has collected for a
day. Hardly later, when to them has joined Methnicov, they swore, that if from
them in a life it will be difficult for somebody, everyone will gather to come
to the aid. They have constrained this oath.
... And in Heidelberg they had happy time. In work all was got on - and
consequently the mood was fine, and they had a rest too selflessly.
frequently sat down a grand piano, and that all time went in the next small
town to listen to the well-known body.
Together with Borodinym Mendeleyev quite often went to mountains. That them
attracted... Unless it is possible to tell about it? They liked to go upwards
on difficult road, clinging for stones,  sometimes in a dirty and in a snow.
And without it in a life something lacked. As well Dmitry Ivanovich itself has
written about it   - to the girlfriend of sister Olga, the future wife. As
it{him} pulled then to  and as much later it{he} will be ready to give
everything, everything if only to leave it{her}. As well it{he} has written to
it{her}: <you will not forget this minute, will be glad ten versts to climb,
once again to test the same. And why? I to you shall not tell. I shall tell
because I do not want, no, itself I do not know and I can not invent...>
Friends united not only predilection for chemistry - they were in many
respects similar - with identical passion were given work, and  by something,
with a head were immersed in new business. It was to tell the truth, shown at
them differently. Mendeleyev all was given passion and did not cool down,
while in it{him} the spark decayed even. It{he} did not undertake something
another, was not convinced yet that here it{he} has learned{has found out}
and has taken all. It{he} was sincerely pleased the affinity with  as counted
his{its} unusually talented person and thanked destiny that she{it} has
reduced them.
And  was similar to noisy, sparkling fireworks which it{he} is skilful to
prepare and prepared always , with love. It{he} perfectly painted in oils and
drew, is skilful to mould and engrave - not speaking that it{he} played on
many tools, - was the chemist and the composer. And how to know, whether from
this friendship with  went then  hobby for art. Probably, all the same many-
sided nature - it really inevitable display of the big talent. The person,
great really, probably, cannot enclose all force and all talent in one
channel. A life, as if being afraid to lose invaluable particles of human
talent, does not allow it{him} to make it.
And in Petersburg Mendeleyev suddenly feels sharp pleasure of returning.
It{he} has understood, that all years missed this city. Now it{he} not one
here: sister Olga has returned. Together with the husband decembrist
Basarginym she{it} was in the long Siberian reference. Here, in its{her}
house, Mendeleyev even more often meets with   - she{it} is pleasant to
it{him}, but it{he} badly knows women and is not confident that is necessary
to follow advice{council} of the sister and to marry. It{he} wants to find
out - whether they can with  understand each other, but every time perplexed
stops: no, it is visible, has not stuck to hasten, hurry destiny. Let all
develops how is, without any efforts.
It{He} trusts, that so it will be better. Then suddenly inflow of despair -
it{he} doubts of itself, in the  and writes the letter. No, not the letter, and
cry from the heart is born{carried} to the sister to Moscow (her{it} have
carried away for the period of an affair). And that answers: <you are
engaged, declared by the groom, in what position there will be she{it} if you
now will refuse?> And it{he} concedes.
And in fact that is strange: it{he} was the person with strong character, is
skilful to stand for itself and God forbid to someone it{him} to offend, and
here suddenly it{he} has conceded. From what? It{he} knew, that has been in
love only, instead of liked. And married. To it{him} it was not indifferent?
Probably, no. But it{he} trusted, that if has left , for it{her} it would
become valid impact. And it{he} could not reconcile to it. It{he} is not
skilful to hurt anothers.
In three years at  the son was born. Dmitry Ivanovich together with the
friend the professor Iljinym buys from the ruined prince small  , nearby to
Klin, moves there and with  starts to be engaged in an agriculture.
However, the hobby it was not casual: Mendeleyev for a long time missed the
In  it is good it{him}. It{he} walked much, exploited, strove on the skilled
field, and in the evenings quite often met herd going from a pasture. It{he}
very much loved all this. But business not only in it. Experiences which it{he}
puts, serve one purpose. His{its} science should  to people concrete
advantage{benefit}. Here, in , it{he} brings up in itself(himself) other
attitude{relation} to business: work of the scientist should not be outside of
communication{connection} with practice. And right at the end of the life
it{he} will recollect these  days and will write about experiences: <they
are important for me because justify all my further attitude{relation} to the
industry>., it appears, when it{he} started to think of the future.
For now still it{he} walked with the son on glades, with boyish passion
played on a lawn in a croquet, pottered on a current, collected just the
bought thresher. Also it was visible, that here, in , it{he} feels like
itself(himself), freely and happily.
So thought, looking at him{it}, his{its} wife. She{it} thought, that so will
be always, that Dmitry Ivanovich has understood, at last, where and in what
his{its} happiness. From one only these ideas the wave of silent pleasure
overflew her{it}.
But she{it} was mistaken. In its{her} husband the great scientist at that
time ripened. It{he} did not think of it. She{it} simply did not understand
And again Petersburg. The idea on chemical affinity of elements which has
come within students, again excited it{him}. It{he} has been absolutely
firmly convinced, that by all means should exist certain law - imperous,
relentless which defines{determines} this affinity or distinction of the
elements occupying the world.
How many up to him{it} was attempt - naive, far-fetched - find this law, obeying
it{him} to place all elements on harmonous system... At that time chemists have
opened and <have measured> 64 elements, knew their nuclear weights so the
material for work already was. There was no only a person who would manage to
penetrate into this secret laying as it seemed, somewhere nearby and
nevertheless inaccessible.
French chemist Shankurtua searched for law, having arranged elements on the
screw cutting put on worth cylinder. All is vain.
English chemist Njulends, the person, probably, the refined nature, tensely
searched for a solution with the help of music. It{he} trusted, that those
parities{ratio} which exist between elements, are similar to parities{ratio}
between musical tone and his{its} octave.  construct the system, it is
artificial pushing in it{her} elements,  them under those sizes which itself
and has prepared. The system was, but the system of elements was not.  it was
necessary to go through  minutes when chairman of the British congress of
scientists has asked it{him}, not hiding irony: whether <dear gentleman
tried to arrange elements alphabetically and whether it{he} has seen thus of
any laws?>
Mendeleyev looked in the essence of the phenomena and did not try to search
for any external communication{connection} uniting all elements in the base
of a universe. It{he} tried to understand - that them connects and that
defines{determines} their properties. Mendeleyev has arranged elements on
increase of their nuclear weight and began to grope law between nuclear
weight and other chemical properties of elements. It{he} tried to understand
ability of elements to attach to itself(himself) atoms of relatives or to
give the.
It{He} has armed with lots of cards and has written on one party{side} the
name of an element, and on other - it nuclear weight and formulas of his{its}
some major connections. It{he} again and again shifted these cards, stacking
them on properties of elements. And in his{its} consciousness any new laws
emerged, and it{he} with the familiar excitement previous to opening,
cautiously moved ahead further and further. Hours it{he} sat, having declined
above the table, again and again peering into records, and felt, how the head
and as eyes were dimmed with a shivering veil started to be turned from a
Speak, that in dream to it{him} there has come inspiration and that at night
to it{him}  as, in what order it is necessary to spread out those cards that
all has lain in the places under the law of the nature. Can be. The brain of
the person always is awake. But there was Mendeleyev to this enlightenment
years! It{he} moved ahead intelligently, beforehand planning and expecting
each next step. Can, and there was that inspiration, but it{he} cannot be
named casual.
Mendeleyev has found communication{connection} even between the most unlike
elements. It{he} has found out, that properties of elements if them to place
in ascending order nuclear weights, through correct intervals repeat.
Mendeleyev understood: accident it could not be. Then it{he} has made last -
deciding step: has arranged all elements also on groups, having united in
separate families of close relatives. It{he} so clearly saw harmony of the
system created by him{it}, that, having noticed absence of an element between
aluminium and the titan, has left to it{him} an empty seat. Such empty
cells{cages} it was necessary to leave two more. Mendeleyev's system allowed
it{him} to expect opening.
First of them has followed in four years. The element for which Mendeleyev has
left a place and properties which nuclear weight it{he} has predicted, has
suddenly appeared! Young French chemist Lekok   has sent the letter in the
Parisian academy of sciences. In it{him} it was spoken: <The day before
yesterday, on August, 27, 1875, between two and four o'clock in the morning I
have found out a new element in a mineral zinc  from mine Pjerfitt in
Pyrenees>. But the most amazing still was necessary.
Mendeleyev has predicted, still leaving for this element a place, that
his{its} density should be 5,9. And  asserted{approved}: the element open by
him{it} has density 4,7. Mendeleyev, and in eyes not seeing new it and is
more surprising than elements - themes, declares, that the French chemist was
mistaken in calculations. But also  appeared : it{he} assured, that was
exact. This dispute resembled any game in which participated . This magician
carried Russian name.
Hardly later after additional measurements it was found out: Mendeleyev was
unconditionally right. The first element, filling an empty place in the
table,  has named gallium in honour of the native land of France. And to
anybody then has not occurred to name it{him} of the person who has predicted
existence of this element, person who has once and for all predetermined a
way of development of chemistry. It was made by scientists of the twentieth
century. Mendeleyev's name carries an element open by the Soviet physicists.
... And houses at him{it} all goes somehow inconsistently. To it{him} it is
lonely. It{he} for a long time already knows, that  it{him} never will
understand. She{it} wants, that it{he} was the provisional family man and all
free time from teaching carried out{spent} together with it{her} in village.
And it{he} cannot.  became for him{it} a stage in a life, and this stage
appeared already behind.
Mendeleyev for some months leaves for America - study local methods of an oil
recovery. America surprises it{him}: it{he} expected to see something
absolutely other. The first city of staff - New York. It{he} has seemed to
the great chemist simply ordinary-looking, reminding the big district cities
of Russia. The well-known petrocrafts? But it{he} anywhere did not meet more
thoughtless attitude{relation} to natural riches...
However, it{he} did not meet still much in a life, this large, hardly  the
man with a fair-haired beard and long hair. To it{him} for forty, but it{he}
did not meet very important in a life that fills with its{her} special,
quivering sense. It{he} yet did not like.
They have got acquainted in the house of his{its} senior sister. Her{it}
called Anna, she{it} was a daughter of the Cossack colonel and so did not
resemble all girls whom it{he} met before... She{It} was harmonous, slow,
under dense black eyebrowes the big grey eyes shined, and a head decorated
long, heavy . She{it} has arrived to Petersburg to act{arrive} in the Academy
of arts, and has remained in this city for ever. She{it} has found here of
what is not courageous to dream and in the most courageous dreams.
It{He} has fallen in love with it{her} as the boy. First it{he} at all did
not understand, that to it{him} occurs: near to it{her} it{he} felt sharp
attacks of loneliness. It was very similar to how the person,  from thirst in
desert, near to a source feels tortures more sharply. It{he} avoided her{it},
was hidden on the half of house, but should force to not think in any way
itself of it{her}.
Father of her{it}, having learned{having found out}, however coldly she{it}
has costed with the groom, disturbed, has gone to Petersburg here again has
learned{has found out} that all knew: his{its} daughter and Mendeleyev like
each other. However hopes at them any was not.  divorce to allow did not
agree, and father Anna ordered to demand to it{her} from Mendeleyev, that
it{he} will not search with it{her} for meetings. Mendeleyev promised.
But promised . It{he} simply could not constrain the word. It{him} attracted
in those places where as it{he} knew, it was possible to meet her{it}. It{he}
entered into a building of the Academy of arts and waited for her{it}, being
hidden for columns, disappearing in shadows of halls. It{he} also behaves as
the boy.
Father Anna undertakes one more step: it{he} sends the daughter for the
winter to Italy.
There was a frosty December, and Mendeleyev, looking in a window of the car,
compressed a hat in hands. It was foggy, and it seemed to it{him}, that they
more never will meet...
She{It} has left, and it{he} wrote to it{her} the letter behind the letter
and lowered{omitted} them in a box attached to a table behind which worked.
In fact it{he} promised to not remind of itself(himself)...
Then it{he} accepted time to go to Algeria - on chemical congress. His{its}
- Beketov, seeing hopeless despair with which Mendeleyev got ready for a
trip, has not born and has rushed off to  in . On what it{he} expected,
knowing her{it}, it was not clear, however contrary to any reasonable logic
has managed to convince her{it} to give freedom to the husband. Having
secured with the consent to divorce, Beketov on wings has departed to
Petersburg and has hardly - hardly found Mendeleyev before departure for
The steamship has moored in Algeria, but Mendeleyev onboard was not. It{he}
was in Rome. Near it{her}.
From Rome - if only to remain together, they have rushed to Africa, have come
to be in Egypt, then - in Spain. And in Rome - so hastened - to anybody have
not said goodbye...
But up to full happiness it is still far. The church has imposed on
Mendeleyev's marriage{spoilage}  - an interdiction, and it{he} seven years
had no right to marry. One year later the Kronstadt priest has broken this
interdiction and has married Dmitry Ivanovicha to Anna Ivanovnoj and for
other day in punishment has been deprived the dignity.
Such they had love. Difficult, beautiful, painful and happy. Mendeleyev what
it{he} touched in a life, was always given all - with passion, in a mighty
impulse. So it{he} liked, so destroyed enemies so worked - day by day - all
Were at him{it} and hobby, but even they turned to the big, serious business.
Successively Mendeleyev is a lot of years was engaged in research of gases,
he{it} had the most serious proceedings  this theme. But it{he} reflects and
about the friend: <Russia... Owns the most extensive against all other
educated countries coast still a free atmosphere. Russian therefore and  to
seize  the last... With the device accessible to all and a cosy impellent
shell...> And is farther: <... To attach to a balloon hermetically
sealed, , the elastic device for a premise{room} of the observer which then
will be provided with compressed air and can safely do{make} for itself
definitions and operate a sphere>. In fact that is surprising! About a tight
gondola it{he} wrote for some tens years before  , the subjugator of a
stratosphere, for the first time has constructed such gondola. And the lowered
device of a spacecraft on which Jury Gagarin came back to the ground? The same
idea. Idea of a tight cabin...
August, seventh, 1887 Mendeleyev has achieved the sanction together with the
pilot and one more researcher to rise on a sphere for supervision of a full
solar eclipse. Grey rainy day was, all sky is tightened{delayed} by clouds, and
a sphere filled with hydrogen, is lazy pulled cables. His{its} assistant
V.E.Tishchenko has approached to Mendeleyev and has told: <Dmitry Ivanovich,
at a balloon is not present elevating force. I see, I know business, to fly it
is impossible, I assure you, it is impossible>.
Mendeleyev has answered, and in this answer it{he} was all - and as the
scientist, and it is simple as the person: <the Balloon is too the physical
device. You see, how many people watch{keep up} flight as behind scientific
experience. I cannot undermine at them belief in a science>.
Together with pilot Mendeleyev  through a board of a high basket and at once
has understood: the sphere will not lift even two. And it{he} immediately
decides to fly one. To think only: the person never earlier flying on a
sphere, dares to fly alone!
In flight it{he} is cool, all does{makes} <on a science>, and having
finished{stopped} all supervision, the cord going from the final valve finds
out, that, has got confused and does not allow to open it{him}. Then Mendeleyev
gets out of a basket, climbs up on  and untangles an ill-starred cord...
Mendeleyev said goodbye to university in 1890, and it were the most depressing
days in his{its} life. It{he} left not at the will - and that it was heavier
this farewell. It{he} has got on a student's meeting, began to convince all ,
to it{him} have not listened, then it{he} has suggested students to write the
requirements and has promised to inform this letter up to minister of
education. The word it{he} has constrained also the student's petition has
handed over minister. And that has soon returned the letter accompanied with a
note in which did not remain places of an ambiguity: the one who will be in the
service his{its} imperial majesty, <has no right to accept similar
papers>. Minister, probably, not quite realized, to whom it{he} paid these
Mendeleyev did not begin to wait, while to it{him} will hint twice. It{he}
has submitted to resignation. The rector of university has not accepted the
application. Then Mendeleyev has simply taken and has put the paper sheet
combined twice in a pocket of the rector.
It{He} has read up a rate up to the end. Last lecture has read superb though,
probably, it dearly costed to it{him}. His{its} audience that day has been
filled, as never: to say goodbye to it{him} there came students and others .
Being afraid of excitements, in an audience have directed group of gendarmes.
Having seen them in a hall, Mendeleyev was lowered{omitted} on a chair and,
having put the big head on hands, has silently begun to cry...
But it is far from being the end. It{he} has not surrendered. Still worked more
many. It{he} invents new,  gunpowder which gets huge value for military science
and which recipe on a criminal negligence of the government departures to
America. Mendeleyev warned, that so can happen - and happened. And in 1914
Russian military department has bought some thousand tons of this gunpowder
from the States. Americans, receiving gold from the Russia which has entered
war, did not hide, that it < gunpowder>.
Then it{he} becomes the scientific keeper of Depot of exemplary measures and
weights, conducts huge work on introduction of uniform metric system,
personally defines{determines} weight of the standard of pound in grammes -
with very big accuracy - up to the sixth sign after zero, moreover at war with
bureaucrats, beating out money for reconstruction and expansion of a building.
Then, it is visible, having given up as hopeless, has planned cunning: has
organized visiting the Board of Weights and Measures by his{its} imperial
highnes and before his{its} arrival ordered to pull out from cellars any
unnecessary devices, boxes and to place all directly in corridors, on road, to
create narrowness. Supervised over this work (on memoirs of his{its} employee
O.Ozarovskoj) assiduously: <Under legs{foots}, under legs{foots}! To cross
it was necessary! In fact will not understand, that is close, it is necessary,
that stumbled, then will understand!> And in fact has excellent achieved,
that wanted! Money distances!
Such it{he} was the inventor who is were fond and at the same time such
constant. Has written somehow, already in an old age: <Itself I am
surprised, that only I not  on the scientific life>. Yes, the talent is
many-sided. The genius - especially...
The genius? Having heard once as someone from his{its} pupils has made it aloud,
has become angry seriously, has waved hands and has shouted it is quarrelsome:
<What there the genius! The genius worked all life, and...> Is not
present, all the same the genius.