Реферат: Education in Russia
Education in Russia.
Everyone needs at least a secondary education in his life. So when you begin
spending sleepless nights thinking about the study at school, when you think
longingly of school books, teachers and friends and when you are at age of 6
there is no doubt it – you’re really to go to school. The best way to get to
know and understand the system of education in Russia is to know what kinds of
schools are in Russia and how children study there. Every citizen of
our country has the right to education. This right is guaranteed by the
Constitution. It is not only a right but a duty, too. Every boy or girl must
get secondary education. They go to school at the age of six or seven and must
stay there until they are 14-17 years old. At school pupils study academic
subjects, such as Russian, Literature, Mathematics, History, Biology, a foreign
language and others.
After finishing 9 forms of a secondary school young people can continue their
education in the 10th and the 11th form. They can also go
to a vocational or technical school, where they study academic subjects and
receive a profession. A college gives general knowledge in academic subjects
and a profound knowledge in one or several subjects.
After finishing a secondary, vocational, technical school or a college, young
people can start working or enter an institute or a university. Institutes
and universities train specialists in different fields. A course at an
institute or a university usually takes 5 years. Many universities have
evening and extramural departments. They give their students an opportunity
to study without leaving their jobs. Institutes and universities usually have
graduate courses which give candidate or doctoral degrees.
Education in our country is free at most schools. There are some private
primary and secondary schools where pupils have to pay for their studies.
Students of institutes and universities get scholarships. At many institutes
and universities there are also departments where students have to pay for
Also it is interesting to know how pupils organize their life at school. So
each school or technical has its School or Technical Council. It helps to
plan the policy for the whole school. It organizes the social and cultural
life at the school. School Councils in many schools are chaired by a student
and have a majority of student members. They run discos and parties, stage
drama productions and decorate the student common room. Music making is part
of school life.