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Реферат: Sports

                             SYNOPSIS                             
                                 Kuznetsova Ann                                 
From 11 class
School № 1962
                                   MOSCOW 2002                                   
                                 CONTENS:                                 
1.     Introduction..........................2
2.     Olympic Games.............................2
3.     The History of the Olympic Games....................3
4.     Sports in our life.......................4
5.     Sports in my school......................4
6.     Summer and winter sports.....................5
7.     My favorite sport.......................5
8.     Literature..............................7
                               Introduction                               
Sport is probably as the humanity itself. All over the world people of
different ages are very fond of sports and games. Sport not only helps people
to become strong and to develop physically but also makes them more organized
and better disciplined in their daily activities. It makes a healthy mind in
a healthy body. Sports help people to keep in good health.
We all need to exercise. Even if you don't plan to make a career in sport you
still have to practice. Regular exercises give you more energy. That is why
many people who suffer from general tiredness should take more exercise than
more rest. Exercise makes you feel and look better. The best exercise is one
of which involves in repeated movements, those are: walking, jogging or
swimming. Bending and stretching will add flexibility and feeling of
lightness.
Among the sports popular in our country are football, basketball, swimming,
volleyball, ice hockey, tennis, gymnastics, figure skating. A person can
choose sports and games for any seasons, for any taste.
                              Olympic Games                              
The world's greatest international sports games are known as the Olympic Games.
The Olympic idea means friendship, fraternity and cooperation among the
people of the world. The Olympic Movement proves that real peace can be
achieved through sport. The Olympic emblem is five interlinked rings: blue,
yellow, black, green and red. Any national flag contains at least one of
these colours.
The original Olympic Games began in ancient Greece in 776 B.C. The games were
for men only. Greek women were forbidden not only to participate but also to
watch the Olympics.
The first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896. Then they were
resumed in London after the Second World War. Since then the  Olympics are
held every fourth year in different countries.
The ancient Greeks had no winter sports. Only in 1924 the first Winter
Olympic Games were held in France. Now they are being held regularly.
                     The History of the Olympic Games                     
Long ago Greeks often waged wars. The ruler of such a small state, Elis,
wanted to live in peace with all neighbours. He was a good diplomat because
his negotiations were successful and Elis was recognized a neutral state. To
celebrate this achievement, he organized athletic games.
The games were held every four years in Olympia on the territory of Elis. The
first games which later were called the Olympic Games were held about a
thousand years before our era.
Winners were called "olympionics", they were awarded olive wreaths and cups
of olive oil. The olympionics of ancient Grees became very popular. Best
craftsmen were chosen to make honourary cups, many poets wrote and recited in
public poems about the best athletics.
Only men could take part in the Olympic Games. Women were not allowed even to
watch the competitions at the stadium under the fear of death penalty.
Magnificent strong bodies inspired artists and sculptors. They painted wall
pictures and made statues of marble and bronze.
The Olympic Games had been held for about eleven hundred years, until the
emperor Theodosius banned them for religious reasons in 394 A. D. The revival
of the Olympic Games began long time afterwards, in 1892. On the 23rd 
of June 1894 the International Congress of amateur sportsmen made an important
decision: to revive the Olympic Games and to establish the International
Olympics Committee which would be responsible for the administration of the
modern Olympic Games.
                             Sport in my life                             
People all over the world are fond of sports and games. Sport makes people
healthy, keeps them fit, more organized and better disciplined. It unit
people of different classes and nationalities.
Many people do sports on their personal initiative. They go in for skiing,
skating, table tennis, swimming, volley-ball, football, etc.
     
All necessary facilities are provided for them: stadiums, sport ground,
swimming pools, skating rinks, football fields.
                           Sports in my school                           
We have fine teams at our school and different kinds of competition take
place there. The boys of my school are crazy about football, they play
football and the girls are football fans.
And now a few words about our physical training lessons. In winter our
Physical training lessons are held out-of-doors. We play different team games
such as basket-ball or volley-ball. Besides we have some training in
gymnastics. I like my P.T. Lessons!
                         Summer and winter sports                         
People all over the world are very fond of sports and games. That is one of
the things in which people of every nationality and class are united.
The most popular outdoor winter  sports are shooting, hunting, hockey and, in
the countries where the weather is frosty and there is much snow - skating,
skiing and tobogganing.
     Summer affords excellent
opportunities for swimming, boating, yachting, cycling, gliding and many others
sports. Among outdoor games football takes place in public interests; this game
is played in all the countries of the world. The other games in different
countries are cricket, volley-ball, basket-ball, and so on. Badminton is also
popular both with young and old. Over the last few years aerobics has become
popular with young girls and women. Aerobics helps them to be slim, healthy and
strong.
               My favorite sports and my favorite sportsmen               
I like sport. I like tennis, swimming, figure skating, football, valley-ball.
But my favorite sport is soccer. I buy the sports magazines and newspapers,
for example: "Sport Exspress", or "World soccer". I like football in our
country, because i live in Russia, but Italian series A I like more. I think
that this game is very strict and thick. There are many popular football-
players, for example: Paolo Maldini, Pirlo - they are playing in Milan;
Konovaro is playing in Parma; Nesto is playing in Lazio; Baggio is playing in
Breshia; Totti, Toldo, Ronaldo, Vieri are playing in Inter. My favorite
football-player is Ronaldo. Many people don't like him, but I do.
He was born in Rio (Brazil). He hadn't any money, but he wanted to play
football. When he was sixteen he started playing in "Gruzeiro", then he went
to the World Cup in USA. Then he played in "Barcelona", then he went to Milan
in "Inter". He was the best football-player in Europe. He is very rich now.
He has a very beautiful wife and son. All people call him Fonomenon. I wish
him good luck in World Cup 2002!
     The most important sport event
of this year is the World football championship which is held in Japan and
South Korea. I'm a great football fan so I'm really upset that our teem lost
the match against Belgium and Italian teem lost the match against Korea. And
left the competition I agree with Onopko's words: “I still thought we
could get the draw, and when Dmitri Sychev scored I believed it would happen. I
really thought we would equalise.” And I think that D. Sychev  is hope
our football: Only 18 years of age, Sychov already has eight goals to
his name in the Russian Premier League. He has appeared in 12 games for Spartak
Moscow. Though a regular on the under-18 national team, Sychov has three
appearances and a goal under his belt for the full Russia squad.
Also My favorite Russian football-player is Valery Karpin.
      Valeri Karpin is one of
Russia's highest profile players. The midfielder was a star at Spartak Moscow
in the early 1990s when the club won three league titles and two Cups of the
Commonwealth of Independent States. Karpin moved to Spain and played for Real
Sociedad and Valencia CF before settling at Celta de Vigo. He made his debut in
the Russia squad in 1992 and scored a goal in his first match from the penalty
spot against Mexico. He was part of the Russian team at the 1994 FIFA World
Cup™.
Now, I'm supporting the Brazilian teem, because I'm convinced that they will
be champions.
     Well, I like tennis. I'm a fan of Marat Safin and Dimentieva.
I like hochey so much. I like to watch NHL games on TV.
I like figure-skating. I like special Marina Anisina and Gvendal Pesera,
evgeny Plushenko and Alexei Yagudin. I like Irina Slutskaya so much.
All of them are very beautiful and talented sportsmen. I like them!
Sports are very important in our life - in my life. So we have all grounds to
say that sport is one of the things that makes people kin.
                                                                          
                                                                          
                            LITERATURE:                            
1.    200 topics English languages ("BAO-press" M. 2002)
2.    Conversational Topics ("Korona-print" S.P. 2001)
3.    Gurina T. ( "Drofa" M. 2000)